When planning a trip to the wilderness, there are several things you need to put into consideration. Apart from carrying an extra pair of shoes or toothbrush, you need to consider your health and well-being first. It is paramount that you carry a first aid kit. Since you do not know what kind of dangers you might face in the wilderness, it is important that you fill your kit with all important supplies. In a case of an emergency or accident, there are several steps you need to follow so as to give the right wilderness first aid.
Before giving any first aid, you need to be calm and composed otherwise you will be risking the other person’s life. For effective and efficient first aid provision, both you and the patient should be very calm. You need to get rid of all tension and let everyone relax. No matter how bad the situation is, you will only make it better if you have a clear mind. If the patient is shivering due to anxiety, fear or stress calm him down and also keep him warm and lay him down on the cleanest surface available. Most importantly, do not attempt to move the injured person until you know how much he is hurt.
Examine the injured person
This is the most crucial part of the first aid. Due to the symptoms he is showing, you will be able to see what is wrong with him. There are some ailments that are common with the wilderness like shock, hypothermia, fractures, sprains, cuts and bruises or difficulties in breathing. If the person is not breathing at all, try artificial respiration like mouth to mouth. This is to help him gain consciousness or breath first before you take care of other injuries. Tilt the injured person’s head backwards and pinch his nose to prevent escape of air. Then cover his mouth with yours and blow. Do this several times until you notice his lungs moving up and down.
The second thing is to check for wounds or cuts to see if there is any bleeding. If there is, you need to stop it immediately before the patient loses too much blood. Apply some pressure using a clean and sterile gauze or cloth on the wound to stop the bleeding. If it stops, then wash the area well and disinfect it to avoid contaminations and infections.
You also need to check for fractures or sprains and ensure that the patient does not use the fractured area for movement. After you have contained the situation well, then you need to look for the nearest medical facility for verification. You might have given him the best wilderness first aid, but maybe you missed a symptom. In case the patient did not suffer any severe injuries, you can also decide to continue your journey into the wilderness.
Wilderness first aid is very important as it can help save a life. However, you can prevent so many wilderness injuries like insect and snake bites, falls and hyperthermia by being very careful and maintaining a proper diet.