Bone fractures are unfortunately common injuries; however, they require treatment such as resting or in more severe cases, surgery. To be clear, fractures occur when physical force placed on a person’s bone is stronger than the bone itself. A person’s age puts them at a higher risk for a bone fracture because as we age, our bones become more brittle; which makes us more apt to suffer a fracture from a fall than when we were younger. The most common types of fractures are displaced, non-displaced, open and close.
It is important to note that the severity of a fracture depends on the location and the damage done to the bone. If not treated carefully and promptly, serious fractures can have dangerous complications such as infection to the bone or damage to blood vessels. A person age and their health often determines the recuperation time of the bone fracture.
There are certain signs and symptoms of a bone fracture such as: tenderness close to the fracture, pain and swelling, deformity and paleness, numbness, bleeding or bruising, weakness and a loss of pulse below the fracture. There are two main reasons why a bone fracture occurs; the energy of the event or the strength of the bone. When it is the energy of the event that means that a car crash or a stress fracture has occurred. When it is the strength of the bone, it can be normal or a decrease in bone strength, such as those who suffer from osteoporosis. Research has shown that women are more prone to osteoporosis because they have a more rapid loss of bone density. Other causes of bone fractures are sports injuries and overusing one’s bones.
There are several effective treatments for bone fractures such as immobilization. Types of immobilization are: slings, casts and braces. Fractures that are treated with immobilization must be carefully aligned so that healing will be effective and good. Another treatment method is resetting the broken bone. This procedure is done to better align the broken bones. Traction is another treatment method. It is no longer used much but when the situation calls for traction, it can be quite helpful. Traction means gently pulling in order to align the bones. Pins is another treatment method. Pins are used to stabilize smaller bones. In most cases, pins are placed through the skin. In most cases, there is little pain or discomfort when removing the pins.
Open reduction is another treatment option. Open reduction means surgically opening the area of the fracture, aligning the bone fragments and then holding them in place. Besides certain treatments, there are several preventative measures you can take to prevent a bone fracture such as: wearing protective gear when playing sports, not consuming alcohol or using drugs when driving, using a seat belt when driving, using caution if you suffer from osteoporosis, and maintaining a safe home environment by eliminating slippery rugs, loose railing and making sure that mats are used in your bathtub.
To conclude, bone fractures occur often and can be dangerous if not treated in a timely manner and treated according to the severity of the fracture. The signs and symptoms of fracture are pain, swelling, numbness and weakness, to name a few. However, by using caution and taking preventative measures, you may prevent a bone fracture. Try one or more of the above suggestions and find relief from a bone fracture!